وقائع مصرية

وقائعى باللغة العربية

The Musketeer of Kadesh

A Meeting in Sèvres “1956”

Ok last time we discussed the reasons quickly that led to the war of 1956 ,Why England ,France and Israel took the first chance to attack Egypt in order to restore control whether England or France or to expand as the case of Israel “The grand Israel fancy from the Nile to Euphrates”

The chance or the plea or whatever you can call it came to them when President Nasser as I said in the pervious post in that series about 1956 decided to nationalize le compagine universalle du Canal maeitime de Suez to become an Egyptian shareholding company “I don’t know how come Shareholding and at the same time its shares were n’t released in the stock exchange as far as I read and know !!”

The planning for War started orignailly started in London with Sir Anthony Eden great and sick hate toward Nasser with an idea of killing Nasser that was rejected according to Miles Copeland who warned the American administration from Eden’s rush policies and the American administration worked according to this warning and from July to October Washington tried to reduce the tension between Cairo and London but in vain because in the same time the U.S was playing the role of Dove ,the UK was gathering its powers and finding new allies for its new crusade

I don’t know if the C.I.A knew what was going to happen from War attack and aggression , but I believe the American

administration did n’t know what the UK or France or even its favorite ally in the world Israel were doing from the 21th to the 24th of October 1956 in the French city of Sèvres

As Under the sponsorship and support of the former managers of “Le comagine Universelle du maritime de Suez” a series of secret meetings between the representatives of “France”,”Israel” and “UK” took place in a villa in the quiet city of Sèvres outside Paris.This is very interesting as it is an early example of how business and money control the politics ,it was just like the War in Iraq ,the old one was to control a vital Marine crossing , the new one was to control  one of the most important oil sources in the world.

 For three days of meeting they reached in to a diabolic plan ,some can call it smart , but I won’t call it so because they miscalculated several factors from my point of view which I will discuss later

The details of this plan or this meeting and what happened later emerged only years later ,because the records of these meeting were destroyed yet one document signed by very important official on the 24th of October was enough ,this document is in Israel now because the French copy was lost as the French said and the English copy was destroyed by the Orders of Eden

I won’t speak more but instead I will leave Mr Avi Shalim speaks :

“On 24 October 1956, in a private villa in Sèvres on the outskirts of Paris, representatives of the British, French, and Israeli governments, at the end of a three-day meeting which was concealed behind a thick veil of secrecy, signed a most curious document which later came to be known as the Protocol of Sèvres. The document set out in precise detail the plan of the three governments to attack Egypt. The plan, in a nutshell, was that Israel would attack the Egyptian army near the Suez Canal, and that this attack would serve as the pretext for an Anglo-French military intervention. Written in French and typed in three copies, this Protocol was signed by Patrick Dean, an Assistant Under-Secretary at the Foreign Office for Britain, by foreign minister Christian Pineau for France, and by prime minister David Ben-Gurion for Israel. To the end of his days Sir Anthony Eden, the driving force on the British side on the road to war, denied that there had been any collusion with Israel or even foreknowledge that Israel would attack Egypt. The Protocol of Sèvres tells a different story. The British copy was in fact destroyed on Eden’s orders, the French copy was lost, and the Israeli copy was kept under lock and key in the Ben-Gurion Archives in Sede-Boker. In 1996 permission was given to photocopy the protocol for a BBC documentary shown on the fortieth anniversary of the Suez War. With the release of the protocol, the tripartite meeting at Sèvres became not only the most famous but also the best-documented war plot in modern history.”

The plan is some simple Israel would attack the Egyptian army and invade Sinai and Gaza and advance near to the Suez Canal “Operation kadesh”

 Of course in time of War and the dangerous implications of the a war beside the Suez Canal ,the international Maritime industry would be threatened , whether from the war or whether from an expected and logic closing of the Canal from Egypt’s side until the military operations finishes ,and thus to protect the international maritime movement in the Suez, the French and English armies would intervene in order to

  1. To protect the Canal and its neutral status
  2. To force the Egyptian and Israeli forces to withdraw from the Suez Canal to a distance of ten miles “16 km”
  3. To place an Anglo-French intervention force in the Canal Zone near Port Said 

“Operation Maskteer”

And thus the agreement was made and the protocol was signed by

Patrick Dean , an Assistant Under Secretary at the Foreign Office for Britain

Foreign Minister of France Christian Pineau

And David Ben Gurion himself as the prime minister of Israel

You know it is strange that the representative of both UK and France were not as important or as the same rank as Ben Gurion , I mean he was a Prime Minister , France only sent its Foreign Minister and UK even sent an assistant under Secretary at the Foreign office to sign that devilish protocol despite its importance , one can think that Eden himself would attend it

But may be because they wanted Secrecy despite the attendance of the Israeli prime minister to France ,yet it can be covered

My point is that they wanted to hide this plan so no one would uncover the trick

Now while searching on the Internet I found a very interesting fact from a Website called “Council on international relations“,it is an American council and in one of its session dedicated to discussing both Hungary and Suez crisis after 50 years ,I found out that UK wanted to target Alexandria first ,yet it was changed in September 1956 , now already “Operation Maskteer” was put or finalized in October !! very interesting

I recommend to read about this session special the part about Egypt and Egyptian version of the story and its recording

You know this is from the the few moments America was double crossed by its own allies according to this session “it is very long and I couldn’t complete it”

but I notice something they ignored the Israeli part !!??

Interesting

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